修 鹏,宋跃明,李 涛,杨 曦,周忠杰,王 亮,刘 浩,刘立岷,龚 全,曾建成,孔清泉.纳米羟基磷灰石/聚酰胺66在胸腰椎结核病灶清除术后椎体重建应用中的长期临床观察[J].中国脊柱脊髓杂志,2020,(10):888-895.
纳米羟基磷灰石/聚酰胺66在胸腰椎结核病灶清除术后椎体重建应用中的长期临床观察
中文关键词:  脊柱结核  前路手术  纳米羟基磷灰石/聚酰胺66
中文摘要:
  【摘要】 目的:探讨纳米羟基磷灰石/聚酰胺66(nano-hydroxyapatite polyamide 66,n-HA/PA66)椎间支撑体在胸腰椎结核病灶清除术后椎体重建应用中的长期疗效。方法:2009年6月~2010年6月,前瞻性地纳入胸腰椎脊柱结核患者18例,其中男9例,女9例,年龄18~63岁,平均40.6±7.8岁。手术节段胸椎(T3~T10)8例,胸腰段(T11~L2)8例,腰椎(L3~L4)2例;神经功能ASIA分级:C级4例,D级9例,E级5例;合并冷脓肿形成15例,椎管内受累13例,窦道形成2例。患者均采用前路病灶清除、n-HA/PA66椎间支撑体结合自体骨椎间植骨、前路内固定术治疗,术后规律抗结核治疗18个月,术后3个月、6个月、1年及之后每年通过门诊或电话随访记录患者的胸背痛VAS评分、神经功能(按照ASIA分级)变化;并根据X线片及CT观察植骨融合、支撑体下沉、后凸畸形纠正和维持的情况。结果:所有患者均成功完成手术,除2例术后出现胸腔积液外,无严重并发症出现;本组病例随访5~10年,平均7.5±1.8年。除1例术前为ASIA分级C级的患者恢复为D级外,其余病例均恢复为E级;胸背痛VAS评分由术前7.0±1.8分缓解为术后2.4±0.6分,至末次随访时为1.4±0.4分;术前后凸为11°~82°(31.0°±11.6°),术后即刻为2°~46°(18.2°±9.6°),后凸矫正10°~36°(13.0°±8.3°),末次随访时后凸为3°~56°(22.5°±8.1°),后凸丢失1°~11°(4.3°±0.8°);术后6个月10例(56%)获得骨性融合,术后1年17例(94%)获得融合,术后2年所有病例均获得融合,骨融合发生较慢主要见于2个以上运动节段病椎切除重建的病例;支撑体下沉发生11例(61%),主要发生于术后6个月以内,下沉0~6mm(3.0±0.7mm),1例椎旁脓肿复发和窦道形成,经过换用二线抗结核药物、加强营养、换药等处理治愈。结论:经过5年以上的长期随访证实,n-HA/PA66椎体支撑体可安全有效地应用于胸腰椎结核病灶清除术后前柱重建。
Anterior reconstruction of spinal defect using nano-hydroxyapatite polyamide 66 cage for thoracolumbar tuberculosis: a long-term follow-up study
英文关键词:Spinal tuberculosis  Anterior approach  Nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide 66
英文摘要:
  【Abstract】 Objectives: To evaluate the safety, reliability of n-HA/PA66 cage in the management of thoracolumbar tuberculosis after a long-term follow-up study. Methods: 18 patients with spinal tuberculosis, including 9 males and 9 females, were treated using debridement and strut graft with n-HA/PA66 cage combined with anterior instrumentations. The average age was 40.6±7.8 years (range, 18 to 63). The surgical levels included thoracic spine (T3-T10) in 8 cases, thoracolumbar spine (T11-L1) in 8 cases, and lumbar spine (L2-L4) in 2 cases. Kyphosis deformity presented in 13 patients with a Cobb angle of 31.0°±11.6°(range, 11° to 82°). According to ASIA grading system, neurological status was grade C in 4 patients, grade D in 9 and grade E in 5. Cold abscess formation, spinal canal involvement and sinus tract formation were found in 15, 13 and 2 patients respectively. Routine anterior debridement, inter-body strut graft and fixation with screw-rod system were applied. Anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy was continued for at least 18 months postoperatively. Results: All patients were successfully managed with this procedure. Except for 2 patients with pleural effusion post operation, no serious complications occurred. They were followed up for 7.5±1.8 years (range, 5 to 10 years). Except for one patient who had the preoperative ASIA grade improved from C to D, all other patients with neurologic deficit improved to normal at the last visit. The VAS score of back pain was relieved from 7.0±1.8 (range, 5 to 9) points to 2.4±0.6 (range, 0 to 3) points after surgery, an it was 1.4±0.4(range, 0 to 3) points at the final visit. The kyphosis was 31.0°±11.6° (range, 11° to 82°) before operation, and it was 18.2°±9.6° (range, 2° to 46°) immediately after operation with correction of 13.0°±8.3° (range, 10° to 36°). The kyphosis deteriorated to 22°±8.1° (range, 3° to 56°) at final follow-up with correction loss of 4.3°±0.8° (range, 1° to 11°). Bone fusion was achieved in 10 cases(56%) at 6 months after operation and in 17 cases (94%) at 1 year after operation. All cases achieved bony fusion in 2 years after operation. Delayed bone fusion was mainly noted in patients requiring 2 or more spinal motion segments reconstruction. In addition, 11 cases (61%) developed subsidence of cage mainly within 6 months after operation. The average subsidence was about 3.0±0.7mm(range, 0-6mm). One case of paravertebral abscess recurrence and sinus formation was noted and the patient was cured by the application of second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs, nutritional support and dressing change. Conclusions: According to middle to long term follow-up, N-HA/PA66 cagecan safely and effectively applied in the reconstruction of spinal stability following debridement of thoracolumbar tuberculosis.
投稿时间:2020-06-16  修订日期:2020-09-03
DOI:
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划课题(编号:2007BAE131304)
作者单位
修 鹏 1 四川大学华西医院骨科2 四川大学华西医院骨科研究所 610041 成都市 
宋跃明 1 四川大学华西医院骨科2 四川大学华西医院骨科研究所 610041 成都市 
李 涛 1 四川大学华西医院骨科2 四川大学华西医院骨科研究所 610041 成都市 
杨 曦  
周忠杰  
王 亮  
刘 浩  
刘立岷  
龚 全  
曾建成  
孔清泉  
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